The Control-B simulation experiment was designed to improve on the Control-A experiment performed with the GMASS model. This experiment addressed several inadequacies with the first smooth terrain numerical simulation by including: (1) increased nested-grid resolution to better define the simulated gravity waves, (2) increased horizontal diffusion to remove outflow boundary condition noise, and (3) the use of reanalyzed rawinsonde data and surface observations in the initial state to increase the definition of the observed jet streak as well as other low-level features. A smoothed-terrain dry simulation with the nested-grid GMASS model has revealed many important aspects of the processes which resulted in the generation of gravity waves in the region and time when and where they were observed. However, the vertical structure, number, and characteristics of the waves are still quite different from observed waves as diagnosed thus necessitating future improved simulations. However, this control simulation has produced substantial insight into processes which occur on many spatial scales over a 30 hour time period thus allowing one to draw promising inferences as to the mechanisms for the complex process which occurred in nature during the CCOPE case study. The theoretical aspects of the project have focus on understanding the nature of the ageostrophic circulations which are produced in idealized models of the atmosphere in which the troposphere is modeled in one of two ways. The first model assumes that the lower atmosphere can be represented as a single layer of homogeneous fluid whose upper surface is free to exhibit vertical displacement. Two-dimensional internal convergence (divergence) occurring during the adjustment to an asymptotic equilibrium state from an ageostrophic initial state whose momentum structure is representative of a midlatitude localized zonal wind anomaly will cause the free upper surface of the homogeneous atmosphere to rise (fall), and therefore the response can be viewed as being physically three-dimensional. The second model assumes that the troposphere can be represented by an unbounded continuously stratified Boussinesq fluid of constant Brunt-Vaisala frequency N, where the vertical gradient of the basic state potential temperature profile allows for the existence of vertically propagating internal inertia-gravity waves.